Normally, a liver disease is believed to have occurred whenever there is any alteration or disturbance in the normal functioning of the liver. If we are to medically explain liver failure, then suffice it to state that it is pretty serious enough a condition that is next only to being clinically dead.
Fortunately, there is a small but significant time gap or space within which a lot can be done to restore normal functioning of the liver of the ailing person to his or her normal health. While there are umpteen tests and treatments available to tackle adequately various small and big liver ailments, only liver transplantation is the solution in the case of liver failure.
In simple layman’s language, liver transplantation is the process of replacing a diseased liver with a healthy liver another person. In medical parlance, this process is sometimes referred to as allograft.
Here, it is necessary to understand what all factors causes liver failure. Liver failure occurs due to infection. It can also arise due to certain complications that have originated because of some medications taken in the past. Or liver failure can happen as an outcome of a long standing health problem.
In all these cases, medical science has one single solution which is liver transplantation.
Elaborating further on the topic of liver failure that necessitates liver transplantation, it may be pointed out here that the condition is characterized by the following features –
* The most common symptom is chronic hepatitis with cirrhosis.
* Also, primary billary cirrhosis wherein the immune system rather shockingly attacks the body systems causing damage to the liver and the other adjoining areas.
* Or the scarring and narrowing of the bile ducts both inside and outside the bile ducts. This condition is described as schlerosing cholagitis
* Yet another symptom of liver failure is the malformation of the bile ducts. This condition in medical terminology is referred to as biliary atresia.
* Liver failure more often than not is also accompanied by what is called the wilson’s disease that leads to an abnormally large collection of copper in the body.
* Hemochromatosis, liver cancer and alpha 1 anti-trypsin are other clear cut signs of liver failure
* Whatever the symptoms, the point remains that liver transplantation becomes an immediate way out.
Liver transplantation is also called hepatic transplantion. In most cases, the orthotropic liver transplantation is adopted in which the recipient liver is replaced by the donor liver in exactly the same anatomic location as in the donor.